DE Levels Can Do Statements
Sub heading

TALKING ABOUT YOURSELF

  • Can use the English alphabet to say and spell your name and address
  • Can say who you are, where you come from, what you do for a living and where you work
  • Can say what language(s) you speak or don’t speak and what language(s) you’re learning
  • Can introduce yourself to someone you’ve never met before (first and last names)
  • Can ask/say who someone is and where they come from and how old they are
  • Can use cardinal numbers up to 999 to give telephone numbers and hotel room numbers
  • Can deal with “wrong numbers” on the phone

TALKING ABOUT OTHER PEOPLE

  • Can greet people, introduce people to each other and ask/say who people are and what they do
  • Can describe people in terms of their appearance, character; possessions, habits and skills, what they’re wearing or carrying, where they come from, where they live, where they work and what they do
  • Can ask/say what the matter is with someone and what can be done about it

POLITE REQUESTS, ETC.

  • Can make simple polite requests with please (affirmative and negative)
  • Can say what skills you have (what you can do) and how well you can perform a skill (very well / not at all)
  • Can ask someone what skills they have (what they can do) and how well he can perform a skill
  • Can say what you would like to do (ask permission) and say what you’re going to do (state intention)
  • Can politely suggest what you and someone else might do together
  • Can politely ask someone to do something for you or offer to do something for someone else
  • Can specify what you want

WHERE?

  • Can contrast the preposition to (direction), with the preposition at (location) and the preposition in
  • Can ask/say where people have gone/been to and where they are/were using went, is in, have been to and was in
  • Can ask and say where places and things are using appropriate prepositions
  • Can ask and tell someone how you can get to a particular place

WHEN? AND HOW LONG?

  • Can tell the time, say the days of the week, the months and seasons and refer to dates with ordinal numbers
  • Can inquire about or make simple appointments and arrangements with the above information
  • Can refer to points of time: today, tomorrow, yesterday, this week, next week, last week, in 1989, etc.
  • Can ask and say when places open and close and how long they are open
  • Can make reservations/bookings with reference to times and dates

DESCRIPTIONS

  • Can describe people, things and animals in terms of what they do and what they are by “classifying” them
  • Can ask and say what a thing (e.g. a brochure) or a substance (e.g. coffee) or plural things (e.g. flowers) is/are called
  • Can describe things in terms of what they’re made of, measurements, size and price and what qualities they have
  • Can say whether things are too big or (not) big enough and make simple comparisons
  • Can ask whose is it? And whose are they? And say who things belong to using the verb belong to and the possessive form
  • Can claim something you have lost from the lost and found by giving a description of it
  • Can identify a dish you have ordered in a restaurant by giving a description of it

LIKES AND DISLIKES

  • Can refer to plural nouns describing food (eggs), singular nouns describing food (meat) and singular nouns describing drinks (tea)
  • Can say what kind of food you like and don’t like
  • Can ask and say what kind of food someone likes and dislikes
  • Can say what you prefer and give reasons and ask someone what he/she prefers
  • Can say what you enjoy and what someone else enjoys and what other people enjoy doing most
  • Can say whether you’re enjoying something at this moment and give reasons

WANTS AND NEEDS

  • Can say what you have and what you want and/or need and ask if someone has something you want
  • Can ask someone what he/she needs
  • Can tell someone how they look and what they might need
  • Can ask for a table in a restaurant and order some food
  • Can say what you’d like from a menu and ask someone what he’d/she’d like from a menu
  • Can say how you would like to have food prepared
  • Can say how many or how much of something you want and use some of the exact nouns to describe amounts (a bag of/ a bottle)

ACTIONS

  • Can ask and say what’s happening at the moment
  • Can say what you’re doing at the moment and ask someone what he’s/she’s doing at the moment
  • Can describe your daily routine and ask someone about his/her daily routine
  • Can say what you always or never do using the simple present tense
  • Can say what you usually do in your free time

TALKING ABOUT YOURSELF

  • Can say where you were born; whether you are married, single, etc.; where you were educated and what exams you took, with dates and rate your performance at school (e.g. how well or how badly you did)
  • Can say who you first worked with and what you did, with dates and what you do now
  • Can say what activity you or someone else generally do (or did) in spare time, stating when and invite someone to share a spare time activity with you

TALKING ABOUT OTHER PEOPLE

  • Can describe how people in a family are related and say who is older or younger and who is the oldest or youngest
  • Can use say and tell (me) to report opinions and information about other people
  • Can ask who someone is and attempt to identify them by the work you think they do
  • Can say who someone is or who you think someone is based on your idea of what you think they do

POLITE REQUESTS, ETC.

  • Can say what you have to do and, what you are not allowed to do and why and what you don’t have to do
  • Can ask people to do things for you very politely and respond favorably to a polite request
  • Can tell people what they are strongly advised to do or not to do
  • Can say what people are or may be able to do and what they are not or may not be able to do
  • Can express degrees of certainty about making appointments
  • Can advise someone what they should and shouldn’t do if they want to be healthy

WHERE?

  • Can use is there a/any...? /was there a/any...? To ask where something is/was
  • Can use There is a/some .../There was a/some ... to say where something is/was
  • Can ask/say where various services can be obtained
  • Can say where you’re going using to for general direction; into for “entering” and in for movement within an area
  • Can ask/say exactly where places are located inside buildings using at for general location, in for more specific location, contrasted with on, inside, next to, etc. for exact location

WHEN? AND HOW LONG?

  • Can use prepositions like not until to make general time references
  • Can use points of time like yesterday and tomorrow to refer to the past and future
  • Can ask/say how long something lasts/takes (ranging from short-term activities to long-term activities)
  • Can ask/say when an action will be accomplished (ranging from short-term activities to long-term activities)
  • Can ask when something happened in the past, using When...? And how long ago...?
  • Can say when something happened in the past, using phrases with ago, for and since
  • Can say how long you have owned something, using have had

DESCRIPTIONS

  • Can ask/say what the weather is like and what the temperature is
  • Can ask about/describe climate in general with reference to points of the compass
  • Can ask people what they used to be (jobs) compared with what they are now and report to someone else
  • Can use large numbers above 1000
  • Can ask/say how large selected states in the US are in terms of square miles, ask/say what the capitals are of selected US states and give population figures and ask/say where selected US states are in relation to each other

LIKES AND DISLIKES

  • Can ask/say what you (or someone else) like/dislike doing or would like to do depending on different weather conditions
  • Can ask/say what people prefer/enjoy doing
  • Can say how people like traveling (on foot, by plane, by train/car/bus, on skates)
  • Can say that you like someone and say what you like/dislike about a person
  • Can describe someone’s behavior and say what conclusions you draw from it
  • Can say what you like/dislike about a place

WANTS AND NEEDS

  • Can ask/say what kind of person you’re looking for and ask/say you’re looking for people who can do certain things
  • Can ask/say what you’re looking for in a piece of clothing and negotiate the purchase, with reference to: general style, material, color, measurements, styling details, lining and price range
  • Can state your exact requirements when you are: making a hotel reservation

ACTIONS

  • Can say you’ve just done something (present perfect) and when you did it (simple past) using have/has
  • Can ask/say how long you have been in a place (present perfect with since) and when an activity began (simple past with ago)
  • Can ask/say what was going on at a certain time using the present progressive tense
  • Can describe two things that were happening at the same time in the past
  • Can describe something that was in progress (past progressive) and was interrupted by an event (simple past)
  • Can express degrees of certainty, from very uncertain to certain to predict the future
  • Can ask/talk about future travel plans and weather conditions (weather forecasts)

TALKING ABOUT YOURSELF

  • Can say that you went to high school, how you did at high school; what you did after high school (went to college, etc.); talk about your first job; talk about your present job and give an account of your career so far in chronological sequence
  • Can tell us what you do to keep fit and stay healthy or fail to do to keep fit
  • Can use different phrases to express agreement; partial agreement; disagreement
  • Can ask someone his/her opinion and state your opinion giving examples to illustrate your opinion

TALKING ABOUT OTHER PEOPLE

  • Can report what other people told you about: their school career; what they did after leaving school; their first job; their present job and what they used to do and had to do in their previous jobs
  • Can report what someone else does to keep fit and stay healthy or fails to do to keep fit
  • Can say what someone else thinks should be done and why
  • Can refer to quantity with too many, too few, not enough, too much, too little and not enough

POLITE REQUESTS, ETC.

  • Can give instructions to perform a task and give a demonstration of a task
  • Can give a commentary on someone performing a task
  • Can ask/say what to do and what not to do in a variety of emergency situations using the imperative, the simple present,Should, have to, mustn’t
  • Can say you’re going to obtain particular services

WHERE?

  • Can ask/say and receive directions for journeys by car over short and long distances, with reference to landmarks
  • Can interpret symbols on a railway timetable and talk about which train to take
  • Can use when, before and after as conjunctions
  • Can use prepositions describing movement (with movement verbs) and position (with position verbs)
  • Can arrange a precise meeting place

WHEN? AND HOW LONG?

  • Can ask/say when/how long ago something happened
  • Can ask/say how long something has been in progress using how long is it since/How long has it been? /for + period of time; since + point of time
  • Can give an account of a person’s life-story in a chronological sequence
  • Can arrange meetings, appointments etc. while referring to two different diaries

DESCRIPTIONS

  • Can describe a new thing, with reference to details
  • Can describe a recipe with reference to ingredients and cooking method
  • Can use have as an ordinary verb when it means something other than “possess” and to describe having a nice time with reference to what you can see and do
  • Can talk about big issues, such as: employment; inflation; student loans; trade

LIKES AND DISLIKES

  • Can say what you like and/or dislike/enjoyed about a film referring to particular scenes and the way something happens; giving examples to support your argument
  • Can ask how someone enjoyed a film
  • Can express approval and disapproval by giving an account of someone’s behavior
  • Can express approval and/or disapproval of different aspects of big issues

WANTS AND NEEDS

  • Can say what you like and/or dislike about a person you know by: referring to the way they are; referring to the way they do things; referring to what they always do; referring to what they never do; giving examples to support your argument
  • Can say what you want when looking for something new apartment with reference details and specifications
  • Can use some and any compounds and practice them when buying presents by stating your exact requirements

ACTIONS

  • Can tell a story or describe a total experience using a combination of the present progressive and simple present tenses
  • Can tell a story or describe a total experience using a combination of the past progressive and simple past tenses
  • Can report someone’s actual spoken words using present and past tenses of regular and of modal verbs
  • Can apply what you have practiced to report a series of connected statements

NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES

  • Can understand uses of countable and uncountable nouns
  • Can understand the different ways we form the plural of nouns in English
  • Can tell us what you usually have for breakfast and how you’re going to spend the day
  • Can talk about modern means of communication like cellphones
  • Can tell us about the best time in life to get married
  • Can tell us about old friends

ARTICLES AND QUANTITY

  • Can use a/an, some, the and one with countable nouns and nationality nouns
  • Can talk about horoscopes and tell us what kind of person you think you are
  • Can tell us about your favorite colors
  • Can tell us about paying bills on time
  • Can tell us about foreign people and their customs

PPRONOUNS AND RELATIVES

  • Can understand subject and object pronouns and their uses
  • Can use one and ones as pronouns and it as a subject, followed by an infinitive or -ing, and so after verbs like think
  • Can talk about any famous person you know about and admire and argue whether or not it’s nice to be famous
  • Can talk about which sport(s) you like best and which you like least
  • Can tell us about your favorite season

ADVERBS AND ADVERBIAL CLAUSES

  • Can use adverbs of manner ending in -ly, adverbs with two forms and adjectives ending in -ly that look like adverbs
  • Can use adverbs of time like still, yet and already, since, for, ago, until/till, by and during
  • Can tell us about moving house
  • Can talk about the qualities of a good secretary or attorney
  • Can tell us about working freelance, compared with being employed

PREPOSITIONS AND PHRASAL VERBS

  • Can understand how to distinguish between a preposition and an adverb particle
  • Can understand how to distinguish between a preposition and an adverb particle
  • Can tell us how you manage money
  • Can tell us about a relationship (real or imaginary) you have had with a partner
  • Can tell us about disasters like earthquakes
  • Can tell us about horror movies
  • Can tell us about one or two of your favorite TV programs

VERBS AND VERB TENSES

  • Can understand the difference between simple and progressive tenses and how this affects different kinds of verbs
  • Can understand the form and main uses of the present progressive tense
  • Can use the simple past with regular and irregular verbs
  • Can tell us how you keep in touch with old friends
  • Can tell us about meals with the family
  • Can argue whether or not you should put the answering machine on when you’re at home
  • Can argue whether or not it is ever OK to tell lies

MODALS AND RELATED VERBS

  • Can understand the form of modal verbs like can and may and how we use them in two different ways
  • Can express ability and say whether you have been able to complete something successfully or not using can/could, be able to, manage to
  • Can understand ways of asking for, giving, and receiving permission
  • Can talk about how much homework teenagers should have and why, and what teenagers should expect from parents
  • Can talk about circuses
  • Can tell us about bad driving

DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH AND CONDITIONALS

  • Can represent direct speech in writing
  • Can report what someone has just said
  • Can report statements with tense changes
  • Can tell us what other people think of you and what you think about other people
  • Can tell us the best way to communicate with important people
  • Can tell us about your attitude to flying

THE INFINITIVE AND THE –ING FORM

  • Can understand the use of the base form of the verb after some verbs and the infinitive after others
  • Can tell us whether you would prefer to work during the day or during the night and why
  • Can argue whether or not it’s worth acquiring useless skills
  • Can argue whether you should do your own decorating or employ someone else
  • Can talk about being punctual
  • Can argue about the need to apologize from two different points of view

NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES

  • Can understand the absence of grammatical gender in English nouns and some nouns forms defined by gender
  • Can express possession by people and “possession by things”
  • Can understand the different meanings expressed by compound nouns, some uses of adjective + noun
  • Can tell us about your attitude to work
  • Can tell us whether you think the customer is always right and why
  • Can tell us about your dream house
  • Can tell us about self-improvement (learning new skills like foreign languages)

ARTICLES AND QUANTITY

  • Can use “the” for specifying in general or in a limited context
  • Can understand the non-use of the article (zero article) with general statements and names and compared with uses of some, any, no and none
  • Can talk about dressing up in costumes
  • Can tell us about labels on products and the kind of information they should provide

PPRONOUNS AND RELATIVES

  • Can understand some uses of possessive adjectives (my) and possessive pronouns (mine)
  • Can understand the form and use of reflexive pronouns
  • Can understand the forms and uses of compounds of some, any, etc. (e.g. someone, anyone, no one, and everyone)
  • Can argue whether or not women should adopt their husband’s last names when they marry
  • Can tell us whether you think household duties should be distributed in a family and why
  • Can argue whether or not it’s right for parents to do deals with their kids
  • Can argue whether or not you should be made to study subjects you don’t like at school

ADVERBS AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES

  • Can understand adverbs of frequency like always: their basic uses and position in a sentence
  • Can use intensifiers like fairly, extremely and greatly and adverbs of degree like much, very much and far
  • Can tell us about your childhood
  • Can tell us about being absent-minded
  • Can tell us about a party you went to recently (large or small) and how you enjoyed it
  • Can talk about the way famous people are reported in the news

PREPOSITIONS AND PHRASAL VERBS

  • Can understand some uses of prepositions often confused and misused
  • Can understand phrasal verbs formed with prepositions that have non-idiomatic and idiomatic meanings
  • Can tell us about your shopping habits
  • Can tell us about having a night on the town
  • Can talk about finding the way

VERBS AND VERB TENSES

  • Can understand the form and use of the progressive tense and compare it with the simple and perfect tenses
  • Can tell us about your hobbies
  • Can argue whether or not a quiet life is best
  • Can tell us about your experiences of working too hard and the arguments for and against doing so

MODALS AND RELATED VERBS

  • Can express possibility with May, certainty with be, and deduction with must be and can’t be
  • Can offer things, ask for things, invite people to do things, offer to do things and make suggestions
  • Can express wishes that refer to the present or the past
  • Can tell us whether you’re an optimist or a pessimist and why
  • Can tell us about the mail you receive and send
  • Can tell us about remembering faces and forgetting names
  • Can talk about your experience of losing things
  • Can tell us about your system for being tidy

DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH AND CONDITIONALS

  • Can report direct questions in the present and past, the imperative, requests for advice with should and requests for advice with question-words
  • Can understand the forms and uses of Type 1 conditional sentences with if
  • Can compare men and women as cooks
  • Can tell us about rules you make for yourself or others make for you
  • Can tell us about people you work well with and people you work badly with and why
  • Can talk about your friends: who they are and why you like them

THE INFINITIVE AND THE –ING FORM

  • Can understand various uses of the infinitive after adjectives
  • Can understand three uses of the -ing form: as a present participle, as a noun, and as an adjective
  • Can understand when we use the -ing form, the verb stem or the infinitive after verbs
  • Can argue whether or not lotteries are a tax on the poor
  • Can tell us about things that keep you awake
  • Can tell us whether or not you should fix things yourself in a house or employ a professional
  • Can talk about retirement

NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES

  • Can form nouns and adjectives in English and understand the position of adjectives
  • Can use adjectives with one/ones; after the; ending in -ed/-ing
  • Can understand the different ways we form the comparative and superlative of adjectives
  • Can talk about what makes a good relationship
  • Can talk about parents
  • Can tell us about owning a car and using public transport
  • Can tell us how you spend your spare time

ARTICLES AND QUANTITY

  • Can understand different ways of referring to quantity
  • Can use both/both the, all/all the, the whole and all, everyone and all, everything and all
  • Can use words like another, other, the other, the others, either and neither
  • Can talk about food: what you like, what you don’t like, and why
  • Can tell what you do to keep in touch
  • Can talk about losing your job or being out of work

PPRONOUNS AND RELATIVES

  • Can use who, that and which as subjects and who (m), that and which as objects of a relative clause
  • Can use whose + noun
  • Can talk about presents you like to give and receive
  • Can argue supervising teenagers from the point of view of a) parents and b) teenagers
  • Can talk about telling jokes and can tell a joke
  • Can argue about a story you heard from two points of view

ADVERBS AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES

  • Can understand connecting ideas with adverbs like however and the use of “negative adverbs” like never
  • Can give reasons with because and since/as
  • Can express contrast with even though, no matter; purpose with to, so as to, in order to, so (that), and in case; and result with so/such ... (that)
  • Can make comparisons with as ... as
  • Can talk about computers and your attitude to them
  • Can talk about experience and how to gain it
  • Can talk about big trips
  • Can talk about protecting the environment

PREPOSITIONS AND PHRASAL VERBS

  • Can use verb + preposition (look at); verb + adverb particle (call someone up); verb + particle, no object (Come in)
  • Can use three part verbs (Is she going on about that?)
  • Can tell us about the advertisements you see on TV and your views on them
  • Can talk about adolescence
  • Can tell us the importance of first impressions
  • Can talk about successful things you have done

VERBS AND VERB TENSES

  • Can understand the basic form and uses of will and shall and the particular use of will for predictions
  • Can use the future progressive to make predictions and the going to future to make predictions or express intentions
  • Can understand the form and basic uses of the passive voice
  • Can tell us about what you do or would like to do to keep fit
  • Can talk about making and breaking promises
  • Can argue whether it is better to read a speech or not

MODALS AND RELATED VERBS

  • Can say what you or someone else should do, should have done or had to do
  • Can say what you or someone else shouldn’t do, shouldn’t have done or didn’t have to do
  • Can understand the form and uses of (I) used to, comparing it with the past tense, the use of would, the present tense, and be/get used to
  • Can tell us about seeing your doctor
  • Can tell us about postcards
  • Can talk about “hanging out”
  • Can talk about your experience of losing things
  • Can tell us about things that can go wrong at work

DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH AND CONDITIONALS

  • Can understand the forms and uses of Type 2 and Type 3 conditional sentences with if
  • Can understand unless and other conjunctions
  • Can talk about pets; neighbours; lucky breaks; future plans

THE INFINITIVE AND THE –ING FORM

  • Can understand the use of -ing or to after adjectives, after some common expressions and after prepositions; after certain verbs where there is: 1) no change in meaning 2) slight change in meaning 3) complete change in meaning
  • Can argue whether it is better to live in a house or an apartment
  • Can talk about influencing others or being influenced by others
  • Can tell us about the weekend and how you spend it